SOCIO.ECONOMICS | FIRE SERVICE | REQUIREMENT TO JOIN F.S. | TRAINING | RECRUIT. TRAIN | PERMANENT REFRESHER TRAIN |
NEW TECHNIQUES TRAIN | SPECIAL TRAIN | SPECIALITY


FIRE FIGTHER CAREER
- PERMANENT REFRESHER TRAIN -
General | Health | Fitness



At what level is permanent refresher training regulated ?


CountryNo.remark
Austrialocal level
Belgium regional level
local level
Remark:
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech RepublicNational
Regional
Local
Denmarknational level
Estonia
Finland not regulated












FranceNational level
Germanyregional level
local level
Remark:
Greece national level
Hungary
International national level
regional level
local level
Irelandlocal level
Italy national leve
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourglocal level
Netherlandslocal level
Norwaynot regulated
Polandnational level
local level
Portugallocal level
Slovakia
Slovenialocal level
Spain regional level
local level
Swedenlocal level
United Kingdom national level
regional level
local level


Who programmes the permanent refresher training activities for firefighters ?


CountryNo.remark
AustriaLocal
Belgium Local
Remark:
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech RepublicLocal
Regional
National
DenmarkThe Emergency Management Agency
Estonia
FinlandLocal
FranceLocal
Regional
National
GermanyLocal
Regional
Greece National
Hungary
International Others
IrelandLocal
Italy Nationa
Latvia
Lithuania
LuxembourgLocal
NetherlandsLocal
Regional
NorwayLocalRemark:
PolandFire stations
Training department
National level - HQ State Fire Service
PortugalLocal
Slovakia
SloveniaLocalRemark:
Spain Local
Regional
SwedenThe training department.
United Kingdom Others


At what frequency are the main elements of permanent refresher training performed (BA training (smoke diver), hot fire training, extrication of trapped persons, resucitation training)


CountryNo.remark
Austria4-5 hours/week all areas
1/year (min.) BA-training
1/year Hazmat-training
3-4/year large scale exercises with 3 or 4 fire stations together
BelgiumThese elements are determined locally. Medical orderly refresher training is organised 24 hours a year (Emergency Medical Service.)
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech RepublicFrom every 3 month to ones a year, depending on the subject.
Everybody in the fire service has to be verified every 5 years
DenmarkThe permanent refresher training consist of 36 modules. Every year 12 of these modules are trained one time, which means that all 36 modules have been trained after 3 years.
Besides that, first aid is trained once a year
Estonia
FinlandThere are national instructions concerning smoke diving etc. Smoke diving test are made annually.
France80 hours / yearRemark:
Germanydaily for basic training
medical rescue 30 hours per year
diving 10 hours per year
smoke diver once per year
GreeceSmoke diver : Once per yearRescue : once per year
Hungary
InternationalBreathing Apparatus either annually or bi - annually
First aid every three years
All other refresher training frequencies are determined locally
IrelandB.A.= 2years
RTA = 2years
first aid = 3years
Firemanship = ongoing
ItalyRefresher training frequencies are determined locally
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg-
NetherlandsBreathing Apparatus, hazardous goods, extraction techniques, fire appliances and diving: monthly
NorwayHot/live exercises at least 4 times a year.
Other main exercises at least 2 times a year.
Other exercises at least 1 time a year
PolandAll refresher training frequencies are determined locally
PortugalTraining frequencies are determined locally
Slovakia
SloveniaThere are no national or common standards. But in most fire brigades all main elements of permanent refresher training (BA training, HazMat, RTA, First aid, Fire appliances) are performed at least once per year.
SpainUsually there is not specific planning for the continuous training
Swedene.g. Breathing Apparatus 4 times a year, scuba-diving once a month
United KingdomBreathing Apparatus either annually or bi - annually
First aid every three years
All other refresher training frequencies are determined locally


When is the permanent refresher training performed ?


CountryNo.remark
AustriaDuring shift time
Belgiumduring shift time on a daily base
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic A mixture
DenmarkDuring and outside normal shift hours
Estonia
FinlandDuring shift time
FranceA mixture
GermanyRegularly during shift timeRemark:
Greece During shift time
Remark:
Hungary
International A mixture
IrelandDuring shift time
Outside normal shift hours
ItalyDuring shift time
Latvia
Lithuania
LuxembourgDuring and outside normal shift hours
NetherlandsDuring shift time
NorwayDuring shift time
PolandDuring shift time
PortugalDuring shift time
Slovakia
SloveniaDuring shift time
Outside normal shift hours
SpainDuring shift hours
SwedenDuring shift time
United Kingdom A mixture


If the permanent refresher training is performed during shift time on a daily basis, is there a specific period allocated for it ?


CountryNo.remark
Austriano
BelgiumyesRemark:
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech RepublicYes. Basically 3 hours in the morning
DenmarkYes. Flexible
Estonia
FinlandyesRemark:
Franceyes
2 hours /day
Germanyno
Greece2 hours in the morning
2 hours in the evening
Hungary
InternationalYes, 2 hours flexible
IrelandFlexible
Italyyes
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourgno
Netherlandsno
Norwayno
PolandyesRemark:
PortugalyesRemark:
Slovakia
SloveniayesRemark:
SpainNoRemark:
SwedenYes, e.g. 2 hours a shift
United KingdomYes, 2 hours flexible


If permanent refresher training is not carried out daily, specify how it is undertaken.


CountryNo.remark
Austrianot applicable: training is performed almost exlusively during shifts
Belgiumvariable practise depending on necessity.
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech RepublicVariable, depending on the brigade
DenmarkOne training module per month (there are 36 modules), and first aid module every year
Estonia
FinlandIt differs very much from one brigade to another.
France-
Germany1 - 2 weeks / year
GreeceSpecial forces go twice per year for special courses (in the army)
Hungary
InternationalN/A: permanent refresher training is usually carried out daily
IrelandSpecial refresher coursesRemark:
Italy-
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg-
NetherlandsOnce a week plus 9 out of 12 weekly in separate groups
NorwayN/A: permanent refresher training is usually carried out daily
PolandN/A: permanent refresher training is usually carried out daily
Portugalnot applicable
Slovakia
SloveniaN/A, Permanent refresher training is usually carried out during shifts
SpainIt changes according to the service and the stablished planning
SwedenN/A: permanent refresher training is usually carried out daily
United KingdomN/A: permanent refresher training is usually carried out daily


If not all permanent refresher training is carried out within programmed working shifts, is there a certain number of hours reserved for this kind of training in every worker's time table ?


CountryNo.remark
Austrianot applicable: training is performed almost exlusively during shifts
BelgiumyesRemark:
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech RepublicYes. 50 hours per year approx.
Denmark24 hours / year
Estonia
Finlandno
France80 hours / year
Germany40 - 80 hoursRemark:
Greece1 month
Hungary
Internationalno
IrelandyesRemark:
Italy-
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourgno
NetherlandsYes. All personnel at least 30 times x 2,5 hours per year
Norwayno
Polandno
Portugalnot applicable
Slovakia
Sloveniano
SpainYesRemark:
Swedenno
United Kingdomno


Who carries out the permanent refresher training for firefighters ?


CountryNo.remark
AustriaDedicated training personnel
station or shift responsible
Belgium station or shift responsible
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic Dedicated training personnel
station or shift responsible
external trainers
DenmarkDedicated training personnel
Estonia
Finland station or shift responsible




FranceDedicated training personnel
station or shift responsible
GermanyDedicated training personnel
station or shift responsible
external trainers
Greece station or shift responsible
Hungary
International Dedicated training personnel
station or shift responsible
external trainers
IrelandDedicated training personnel
External trainers
Italy Dedicated training personnel






Latvia
Lithuania
LuxembourgDedicated training personnel
station or shift responsible
external trainers
NetherlandsDedicated training personnel
Norwaystation or shift responsible
PolandDedicated training personnel
station or shift responsible
Portugalstation or shift responsible
Slovakia
Sloveniastation or shift responsible
Spain Dedicated training personnel
station or shift responsible
external trainers
SwedenDedicated training personnel
station or shift responsible
external trainers
United Kingdom Dedicated training personnel
station or shift responsible
external trainers


Is the effectiveness of the permanent refresher training evaluated or checked ?


CountryNo.remark
Austriano
Belgium No
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic Every day on shift
Once a month
Once a year
every 5 year
Denmarkno
Estonia
Finland Once a year




FranceOnce a year
Others
GermanyNo for "normal duties" Yes for "special tasks"
GreeceYes
Hungary
InternationalThe frequency is determined by the nature of the training.
IrelandOnce a year
Italy N
Latvia
Lithuania
LuxembourgOnce a year
NetherlandsYes. With debrief after the training, and partly by (annual) evaluation
NorwaynoRemark:
PolandOnce a month
Once a year
PortugalNo
Slovakia
SloveniaEvery day on shift
Spain No
SwedenOnce a year
United KingdomThe frequency is determined by the nature of the training.


How is the evaluation of the effectiveness of the permanent refresher training carried out ?


CountryNo.remark
Austria-
Belgium Debrief after intervention
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic Daily management control
Written evaluation
Practical test
DenmarkN/A: the effectiveness of the permanent refresher training is not evaluated
Estonia
FinlandPractical test
Debrief after intervention
FranceWritten evaluation
Practical test
Other
GermanySpecial practical exercises have to be performed correctly
Greecevisual control
Hungary
International Daily management control
Written evaluation
Practical test
Debrief after intervention
IrelandDebrief after intervention
Italy-
Latvia
Lithuania
LuxembourgDaily management control
Written evaluation
Practical test
Other
NetherlandsDaily management control
Written evaluation
Debrief after intervention
NorwayN/A: the effectiveness of the permanent refresher training is not evaluated
PolandWritten evaluation
Practical test
PortugalWritten evaluation
Slovakia
SloveniaDaily management control
Debrief after intervention
SpainNormally not evaluated
SwedenDaily management control
Written evaluation
Debrief after intervention
United Kingdom Daily management control
Written evaluation
Practical test
Debrief after intervention


Is a permanent refresher training record kept for firefighters ?


CountryNo.remark
Austriano
BelgiumyesRemark:
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech RepublicWatch record
Denmarkno
Estonia
Finlandyes
Franceyes
Germanyyes
GreeceNo
Hungary
InternationalYes, Individual and shift basis record
Irelandyes
Individual records
Italyyes
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourgno
NetherlandsYes. Exercise attendancy
NorwayyesRemark:
Polandyes
Portugalno
Slovakia
SloveniayesRemark:
SpainNoRemark:
SwedenYes, Individual record for BA-training, scuba-diving etc.
United KingdomYes, Individual and shift basis record





Federation of the European Union Fire Officers Associations:
1992-2018