SOCIO.ECONOMICS | FIRE SERVICE | REQUIREMENT TO JOIN F.S. | TRAINING | RECRUIT. TRAIN | PERMANENT REFRESHER TRAIN |
NEW TECHNIQUES TRAIN | SPECIAL TRAIN | SPECIALITY


FIRE FIGTHER CAREER
- TRAINING -
General | Instructors | Permanent education



Is there a national structured programme for education and/or training ?


CountryNo.remark
AustriayesRemark:
Belgiumyes
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republicyes
Denmarkyes
Estonia
Finlandyes
Franceyes
Germanyno
GreeceYes
Hungary
Internationalyes
Irelandno
Italyyes
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourgno
Netherlandsyes
Norwayyes
For beginners there are a standarised 2 years training programme.
Remark:
Polandyes
Portugalno
Slovakia
SloveniayesRemark:
SpainNo
Swedenyes
United Kingdomyes


Do individual fire brigades each have a section for education & training ?


CountryNo.remark
AustriayesRemark:
BelgiumyesRemark:
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech RepublicYes. Training department is principle under operational division.
Denmarkno [except in Copenhagen]
Estonia
FinlandnoRemark:
Franceyes
GermanyyesRemark:
GreeceYes
Hungary
InternationalYes, Varies from brigade to brigade, but in the main there is usually a separate training department.
IrelandyesRemark:
Italyyes
Latvia
Lithuania
LuxembourgyesRemark:
NetherlandsIf not provided by the local brigade the regional organisation provides it. The department is usually a part of the department of 'preparation'.
NorwaynoRemark:
PolandyesRemark:
PortugalyesRemark:
Slovakia
SlovenianoRemark:
SpainNo
Only the large ones ot those with some importance have a training department.
In general terms, it is a technician from the Service the one who takes charge of the subject.
SwedenYes, There are training departments only in big brigades
United KingdomYes, Varies from brigade to brigade, but in the main there is usually a separate training department.


Is there any institution responsible for education & training at national or other level ?


CountryNo.remark
Austriano
BelgiumyesRemark:
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech RepublicYes. General HeadQuarter Fire Rescue Brigade, Ministry of the Interior
DenmarkYes. Emergency Management Agency (EMA)
Estonia
FinlandyesRemark:
FranceyesRemark:
GermanyyesRemark:
GreeceYes, in national level, the National Fire Academy
Hungary
InternationalYes, Fire Service College, Moreton In Marsh, England
Scottish Training Centre, Scotland
Civil Defence College, Easingwold
IrelandyesRemark:
Italyyes
Latvia
Lithuania
LuxembourgyesRemark:
NetherlandsYes. Every employer is responsible for the quality of personnel involved. Institutes are paid to provide the necessary education and training (regional institutes and NIBRA [Dutch institute for fire service and disaster control] at national level)
NorwayyesRemark:
PolandyesRemark:
PortugalyesRemark:
Slovakia
SloveniayesRemark:
SpainNo
SwedenYes, Swedish Rescue Services Agency
University of Lund (for Fire Protection Engineers)
Rescue Service College (for firemen and other fire officers)
United KingdomYes, Fire Service College, Moreton In Marsh, England
Scottish Training Centre, Scotland
Civil Defence College, Easingwold


Does the institution responsible for education & training at a national or other level train personnel who are not employed in the fire service ?


CountryNo.remark
Austria-
Belgium Yes, they train personnel from other institutions
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic No, training at these institutions is restricted to fire service personnel
DenmarkYes, they train personnel from other institutions
Estonia
FinlandYes, they train personnel from other institutions
FranceYes, they train personnel from other institutions
GermanyIn principle training at these institutions is restricted to fire service personnelRemark:
Greece No, training at these institutions is restricted to fire service personnel
Hungary
International Yes, they train personnel from other institutions
IrelandNo, training at these institutions is restricted to fire service personnel
ItalyYes, they train personnel from other institutions
Latvia
Lithuania
LuxembourgYes, they train personnel from other institutions
NetherlandsYes, they train personnel from other institutions
NorwayYes, they train personnel from other institutionsRemark:
PolandYes, they train personnel from other institutions
PortugalYes, they train personnel from other institutions
Slovakia
SloveniaYes, they train personnel from other institutions
Spain No, training at these institutions is restricted to fire service personnel
SwedenNo, training at these institutions is restricted to fire service personnel
United Kingdom Yes, they train personnel from other institutions


Is University involved in fire service education & training ?


CountryNo.remark
Austriano
Belgiumno
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech RepublicYes. Specially on the field of research and teaching
Denmarkno
Estonia
Finlandno
Franceyes
GermanynoRemark:
GreeceNoRemark:
Hungary
InternationalYes, The University is involved in professional development training, health & safety qualifications, engineering degrees.
Irelandno
Italyyes
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourgno
Netherlandsyes
Norwayno
PolandyesRemark:
PortugalnoRemark:
Slovakia
SlovenianoRemark:
SpainNo
SwedenYes, In the fields of research and teaching
United KingdomYes, The University is involved in professional development training, health & safety qualifications, engineering degrees.


Are private companies or industrial enterprises involved in the education & training of fire personnel ?


CountryNo.remark
AustriayesRemark:
BelgiumyesRemark:
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republicno
Denmarkno
Estonia
FinlandyesRemark:
Franceyes
GermanyyesRemark:
GreeceNo
Hungary
Internationalyes
Irelandno
Italyyes
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourgno
Netherlandsyes
NorwayyesRemark:
Polandno
PortugalnoRemark:
Slovakia
Sloveniayes
SpainNoRemark:
Swedenno
United Kingdomyes


Is there a legal requirement for training courses provided by training companies or industrial enterprises to be certified by national or regional institutions ?


CountryNo.remark
Austriano
Belgiumno
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republicno
Denmarkyes
Estonia
Finlandno
Franceno
Germanyno
GreeceNo
Hungary
Internationalno
Irelandno
Italyno
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourgno
Netherlandsno
Norwayno
Polandno
Portugalno
Slovakia
SlovenianoRemark:
SpainNo
Swedenno
United Kingdomno


Which authority ensures that professional fire-fighters have satisfactorily completed the appropriate training ?


CountryNo.remark
Austria-
Belgium1. training officer of the respective brigade
2. training officers or instructors of the fire colleges.
3. apprenticeship committee
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic Regional
National
Others
Remark:
DenmarkEmergency Management Agency (EMA)
Estonia
FinlandLocal
FranceNational
GermanyRegional
Greece National
Hungary
International Others
IrelandLocal
ItalyNational
Latvia
Lithuania
LuxembourgLocal
NetherlandsNederlands Bureau Brandweer examens (Netherlands Bureau for Fire Service Examinations)
NorwayLocalRemark:
PolandNational
PortugalNational
Slovakia
SloveniaNationalRemark:
Spain Local
Remark:
SwedenSwedish Rescue Services Agency
United Kingdom Others


Does the fire service carry out exchanges of trainers and training experiences with foreign countries ?


CountryNo.remark
Austriano
Belgiumno
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech RepublicYes, but individually depending of each brigade
Denmarkno
Estonia
Finlandyes
Franceyes
GermanyyesRemark:
GreeceYes
Hungary
Internationalyes
Irelandyes
Italyyes
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourgyes
Netherlandsyes
Norwayno
Polandyes
Portugalno
Slovakia
SloveniayesRemark:
SpainNoRemark:
Swedenyes
United Kingdomyes


Is there any organised link between fire services to share information and experiences in training matters ?


CountryNo.remark
AustriayesRemark:
BelgiumyesRemark:
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech RepublicYes, Directly and also through electronic fire network and training courses and Czech Association of Fire Officers (CAFO)
DenmarkYes. Danish Chief Fire Officer Association
Estonia
FinlandyesRemark:
Franceyes
GermanyyesRemark:
GreeceYes
Hungary
InternationalYes, FEU, CTIF, CACFOA Operations and Training Committee & National Working Group, CFBAC Training & Personnel, Fire Service College-Users Group
IrelandyesRemark:
Italyyes
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourgyes
NetherlandsYes. Nationally and regionally there are co-ordinating organisations
Norwayno
PolandyesRemark:
Portugalno
Slovakia
SloveniayesRemark:
SpainNoRemark:
Swedenyes
only bigger brigades
United KingdomYes, FEU, CTIF, CACFOA Operations and Training Committee & National Working Group, CFBAC Training & Personnel, Fire Service College-Users Group


Is there any co-operation with other fire services or institutions at international level, on the planning and development of training ?


CountryNo.remark
Austriaon special subjects of the CTIF, e.g. Hazmat
Belgium Common committees
Conferences
Project work
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic Project work
Remark:
DenmarkEmergency Management Agency and Danish Chief Fire Officers Association
Estonia
FinlandCommon committees
Conferences
Project work
Others
FranceProject work
Others
GermanyProject work
GreeceYes, the National Fire Academy is member of the European federation of fire service schools EFSCA
Hungary
Internationalyes, United Kingdom Search & Rescue Team , co-ordinated by Fire Services Inspectorate, liase with other international agencies regarding training of international relief teams.
CTIF and FEU also liase on such matters.
IrelandMembership of EFSCA (Federation of Fire Service Schools)
Italy N
Latvia
Lithuania
LuxembourgCommon committees
Conferences
Project work
Personal contacts
NetherlandsOthers
NorwaynoRemark:
Poland No
PortugalNo
Slovakia
SloveniaConferences
Others (bi-lateral cooperation, Partnership for peace programme etc.)
Spain No
SwedenYes
United Kingdomyes, United Kingdom Search & Rescue Team , co-ordinated by Fire Services Inspectorate, liase with other international agencies regarding training of international relief teams.
CTIF and FEU also liase on such matters.


What insurance cover is provided for training activities ?


CountryNo.remark
AustriaCovered under brigades' general insurance policy
Belgium Covered under brigades' general insurance policy
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic Covered under brigades' general insurance policy
DenmarkCovered under brigades' general insurance policy
Estonia
FinlandCovered under brigades' general insurance policy
FranceCovered under brigades' general insurance policy
GermanyCovered under brigades' general insurance policy
Greece Covered under brigades' general insurance policy
Hungary
International Covered under brigades' general insurance policy
IrelandCovered under brigades' general insurance policy
ItalyCovered under brigades' general insurance policy
Latvia
Lithuania
LuxembourgCovered under brigades' general insurance policy
NetherlandsCovered under brigades' general insurance policy
NorwayCovered under brigades' general insurance policy
PolandCovered under brigades' general insurance policy
PortugalCovered under brigades' general insurance policy
Slovakia
SloveniaCovered under brigades' general insurance policy
Spain Covered under brigades' general insurance policy
SwedenCovered under brigades' general insurance policy
United Kingdom Covered under brigades' general insurance policy


Are, in general training schools equipped with their own Trucks/equipment or must they fall back upon equipments of the intervention forces?


CountryNo.remark
AustriaOperational equipment is also used for training
Belgium Operational equipment is also used for training
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic Operational equipment is also used for training
DenmarkOperational equipment is also used for training
Estonia
FinlandTraining departments are provided with all the specific equipment necessary to run their activities
FranceTraining departments are provided with all the specific equipment necessary to run their activities
GermanyOperational equipment is also used for training
Greece Training departments are provided with all the specific equipment necessary to run their activities
Hungary
International Operational equipment is also used for training
IrelandOperational equipment is also used for training
ItalyTraining departments are provided with all the specific equipment necessary to run their activities
Latvia
Lithuania
LuxembourgOperational equipment is also used for training
NetherlandsOperational equipment is also used for training
NorwayTraining departments are provided with all the specific equipment necessary to run their activitiesRemark:
PolandAll Fire Colleges and Noncommisioned Officer's Schools are equipped with their own trucksand equipment. The training centers must also use operational equpment.
PortugalOperational equipment is also used for training
Slovakia
SloveniaTraining departments are provided with all the specific equipment necessary to run their activities
Spain Operational equipment is also used for training
SwedenOperational equipment is also used for training
United Kingdom Operational equipment is also used for training


Are, in general, training departments or schools equipped with residential accommodation ?


CountryNo.remark
AustriayesRemark:
BelgiumnoRemark:
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republicyes
Denmarkno
Estonia
Finlandyes
Franceyes
GermanyyesRemark:
GreeceNo
Hungary
InternationalNo, In general no, approximately 14 of the 58 authorities have residential accommodation.
Irelandno
Italyyes
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourgyes
Netherlandsno
NorwayyesRemark:
Polandyes
Portugalyes
Slovakia
SloveniayesRemark:
SpainNo
Swedenyes
United KingdomNo, In general no, approximately 14 of the 58 authorities have residential accommodation.


Are training departments or schools equipped with catering facilities ?


CountryNo.remark
Austriayes
Belgiumyes
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republicyes
Denmarkyes
Estonia
Finlandyes
Franceyes
GermanyyesRemark:
GreeceNo
Hungary
Internationalyes
Irelandyes
Italyyes
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourgyes
Netherlandsyes
NorwayyesRemark:
PolandyesRemark:
Portugalyes
Slovakia
Sloveniayes
SpainNo
Swedenyes
United Kingdomyes


Do fire brigades train "employees" from private companies ?


CountryNo.remark
AustriayesRemark:
BelgiumyesRemark:
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech RepublicYes. Firefighters from industrial fire brigades are trained in national fire schools and their Chief Fire Officers have to pass refresher training provided by Regional Fire and Rescue Brigades.
DenmarkYes. They train non uniformed personnel.
Estonia
Finlandyes
Franceyes
GermanyyesRemark:
GreeceYes
Hungary
InternationalYes, Industrial firefighters and non uniformed fire safety personnel within various companies.
IrelandNo, but Fire brigade facilities are rented to private companiesRemark:
Italyyes
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourgyes
NetherlandsYes. They train non uniformed personnel
NorwayyesRemark:
PolandyesRemark:
Portugalno
Slovakia
Sloveniano
SpainYesRemark:
SwedenYes, They train non uniformed personnel
United KingdomYes, Industrial firefighters and non uniformed fire safety personnel within various companies.


Is there any authority responsible for the edition of training material such as course notes, books, videos, software, etc. ?


CountryNo.remark
AustriayesRemark:
BelgiumyesRemark:
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech RepublicHeadquarter Fire and Rescue Brigades., Ministry of the Interior
DenmarkYes. Emergency Management Agency
Estonia
FinlandyesRemark:
Franceyes
Germanyno
GreeceNational Fire Academy
Hungary
InternationalYes, Home office - fire services inspectorate. But other data is used from manufacturers and other agencies when appropriate
IrelandyesRemark:
Italyyes
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourgno
NetherlandsYes. NIBRA [Dutch institute for fire service and disaster control] and in some cases Ministry of the Interior
Norwayno
PolandyesRemark:
PortugalyesRemark:
Slovakia
SloveniayesRemark:
SpainNoRemark:
SwedenYes, Swedish Rescue Services Agency
United KingdomYes, Home office - fire services inspectorate. But other data is used from manufacturers and other agencies when appropriate


In the case where there is no authority responsible for the accuracy of training material, how is the quality of the fire training material guaranteed ?


CountryNo.remark
AustriaIndividually by the fire service
BelgiumWorkshops under the supervision of the federations that are composed of highly skilled technicians. Officers, instructors and technicians are monitoring the composition and the quality of the course books.Remark:
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech RepublicN/A: there is an authority responsible for the edition of training material
DenmarkN/A: there is an authority responsible for the edition of training material
Estonia
Finland-
France-
Germanyfire service schools, fire service associations
Greecenone
Hungary
InternationalN/A: there is an authority responsible for the edition of training material
Irelandnot applicable
Italynot applicable
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourgby the local fire service
NetherlandsN/A: there is an authority responsible for the edition of training material
NorwayIt is the single training institute that make quality-control.
Polandnot applicable
PortugalThe school and the fire national service are the departments responsible for those publications
Slovakia
SloveniaN/A: there is an authority responsible for the accuracy of training material.
SpainIt is the fire service itself or the administration that controls or homologates the didactic equipment
SwedenN/A: there is an authority responsible for the edition of training material
United KingdomN/A: there is an authority responsible for the edition of training material


Is it possible to be educated as a professional fire fighter without first belonging to a fire brigade ?


CountryNo.remark
Austriano
Belgiumno
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republicyes
Denmarkyes
Estonia
Finlandyes
Franceno
GermanynoRemark:
GreeceYes
Hungary
Internationalno
Irelandno
Italyno
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourgno
Netherlandsyes
NorwayyesRemark:
Polandno
Portugalno
Slovakia
Sloveniayes
SpainNoRemark:
Swedenno
from 2004 on it will be possible
United Kingdomno


Are computer simulation programmes used for training ?


CountryNo.remark
Austriaunder development
Belgiumno
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republicyes
Denmarkyes
Estonia
Finlandyes
Franceyes
Germanynot on a regular basisRemark:
GreeceNo
Hungary
Internationalyes
Irelandno
Italyno
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourgno
Netherlandsno
Norwayno
Polandyes
PortugalnoRemark:
Slovakia
Sloveniano
SpainNoRemark:
Swedenyes
United Kingdomyes


Are real chemical products used in hazardous materials training sessions ?


CountryNo.remark
AustriaYes, in classroom (in laboratory scale),
Yes, in confined areas
Belgium Yes, in classroom (in laboratory scale)
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic Yes, in classroom (in laboratory scale)
Yes, in confined areas
DenmarkYes, in classroom (in laboratory scale)
Estonia
FinlandYes, in classroom (in laboratory scale)
Yes, in confined areas
Yes, in real full scale exercises
FranceYes, in real full scale exercises
GermanyYes, in classroom (in laboratory scale)
Greece No
Hungary
International No
IrelandNo
Italy No

Latvia
Lithuania
LuxembourgYes, in classroom (in laboratory scale)
NetherlandsYes, in classroom (in laboratory scale)
Yes, in confined areas
NorwayYes, in real full scale exercises
PolandYes, in classroom (in laboratory scale)
PortugalYes, in confined areas
Slovakia
SloveniaYes, in classroom (in laboratory scale)
Yes, in confined areas
Spain Yes, in classroom (in laboratory scale)
SwedenYes, in classroom (in laboratory scale)
Yes, in confined areas
Yes, in real full scale exercises
United Kingdom No


Is hot live fire training considered to be an essential training practice ?


CountryNo.remark
Austriayes
Belgiumyes
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republicyes
Denmarkyes
Estonia
Finlandyes
Franceyes
Germanyyes
GreeceYes
Hungary
Internationalyes
Irelandyes
Italyyes
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourgyes
Netherlandsyes
Norwayyes
Polandyes
Portugalyes
Slovakia
Sloveniayes
SpainYes, but Fire Services do not always have suitable facilities.
Swedenyes
United Kingdomyes


Is hot live fire training (in confined rooms or in open air) an extended training practice ?


CountryNo.remark
Austriayes
BelgiumnoRemark:
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republicno
Denmarkyes
Estonia
Finlandyes
FranceyesRemark:
GermanynoRemark:
GreeceYes
Hungary
Internationalyes
IrelandnoRemark:
Italyyes
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourgyes
Netherlandsno
Norwayno
Polandyes
Portugalno
Slovakia
Sloveniano
SpainNoRemark:
Swedenyes
United Kingdomyes



Federation of the European Union Fire Officers Associations:
1992-2018